North African Campaign 1940 | Animated History

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Barnett, Correlli, The Desert Generals, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1960
Bechthold, Mike, Flying to Victory; Raymond Collishaw and the Western Desert Campaign, 1940-1941, Norman, Oklahoma: 2017
Christie, Howard R., Maj, Fallen Eagles: The Italian 10th Army in the Opening Campaign in the Western Desert, June 1940-December 1940, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: US Army, 1999
Latimer, Jon & Laurier, Jim, Operation Compass 1940; Wavell’s Whirlwind Offensive, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2000
Sears, Stephen W., Desert War in North Africa, New York, New York: American Heritage Publishing, 1967
Wahlert, Glenn, The Western Desert Campaign 1940-41, Canberra, Australia: Campbell, 2009
The New Order by Aaron Kenny
Breathing Planet by Doug Maxwell
All This - Scoring Action by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
Faceoff by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
Echoes of Time by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
Antonio Salieri, Twenty six variations on La Folia de Spagna
London Mozart Players
Matthias Bamert, as conductor



  • Join us in War Thunder for free using this link and get a premium tank or aircraft and three days of premium time as a bonus:

    The Armchair HistorianThe Armchair Historian2 yıl önce
    • @e james bullshit buzz off with this nonsense.

    • @Amal you are soo bad at making good judgments.

    • also explains how the Italian "folgore" soldiers have retreated a British armored division only with hand grenades and Molotov cocktails in the battle of el alamein? or how the armored division" ariete "has buried themselves on the battlefield to have the soldiers retreat?" or how the British fighters continued (even after the surrender) to strafe the soldiers?

      3643 Terry3643 TerryYıl önce
    • Well yes this theatre is often overlooked becuz the western front and eastern front were 1 million times more important

      ThatBoyJThatBoyJYıl önce
    • You didn't cite the song playing at 2:30, it's weird I hear this song playing on a lot of people's video's but for some reason they never once cite it, even if they cite every other song. Id like to find out who plays it.

      KevinKevinYıl önce
  • Among the great misconceptions of modern times is the assumption that Benito Mussolini was Hitler's junior partner, who made no significant contributions to the Second World War. That conclusion originated with Allied propagandists determined to boost Anglo-American morale, while undermining Axis cooperation. The Duce's failings, real or imagined, were inflated and ridiculed; his successes pointedly demeaned or ignored. Italy's bungling navy, ineffectual army - as cowardly as it was ill-equipped - and air force of antiquated biplanes were handily dealt with by the Western Allies. So effective was this disinformation campaign that it became post-war history, and is still generally taken for granted even by otherwise well-informed scholars and students of World War Two. But a closer examination of recently disclosed, and often neglected, original source materials presents an entirely different picture. They shine new light, for example, on Italy's submarine service, the world's greatest in terms of tonnage, its boats sinking nearly three-quarters of a million tons of Allied shipping in three years' time. During a single operation, Italian 'human torpedoes' sank the battleships HMS Valiant and Queen Elizabeth, plus an eight-thousand-ton tanker, at their home anchorage in Alexandria, Egypt. By mid-1942, Mussolini's navy had fought its way back from crushing defeats to become the dominant power in the Mediterranean Sea. Contrary to popular belief, his Fiat biplanes gave as good as they got in the Battle of Britain, and their monoplane replacements, such as the Macchi Greyhound, were state-of-the-art interceptors superior to the American Mustang. Savoia-Marchetti Sparrowhawk bombers accounted for seventy-two Allied warships and one hundred-ninety-six freighters before the Bagdolio armistice in 1943. On 7 June 1942, infantry of the Italian X Corps saved Rommel's XV Brigade near Gazala, in North Africa, from otherwise certain annihilation, while horse-soldiers of the Third Cavalry Division Amedeo Duca d'Aosta defeated Soviet forces on the Don River before Stalingrad the following August in history's last cavalry charge. As influential as these operations were on the course of World War Two, more potentially decisive was Mussolini's planned aggression against the United States' mainland. Postponed only at the last moment when its conventional explosives were slated for substitution by a nuclear device, New York City escaped an atomic attack by margins more narrow than previously understood. It is now known that Italian scientists led the world in nuclear research in 1939, and a four-engine Piaggio heavy bomber was modified to carry an atomic bomb five years later. These and numerous other disclosures combine to debunk lingering propaganda stereotypes of inept, ineffectual Italian armed forces. That dated portrayal is rendered obsolete by a true-to-life account of the men and weapons of Mussolini's War. Frank Joseph, Mussolini’s War, Fascists Italy’s Military Struggles from Africa and Western Europe to the Mediterranean and Soviet Union 1935 - 1945.

    Rino BellissimoRino Bellissimo10 gün önce
  • 6:20 I like how he put an image of an Indian soldier there. Often times the Indian contribution in WWII is ignored, would be nice to see a video describing the Indian contribution one day

    A MA M20 gün önce
  • The “sitskreig” damm, get frockin roasted man, I would move to Afghanistan without thinking about it after that embarrassing name lol

    Osayro UrizarOsayro Urizar24 gün önce
  • Mussolini was weak, he assumed power in 1922, meaning he had 17 years until world war 2 to build up his military. Hitler, on the other hand, became fuhrer in 1934, meaning he had 5 years until world war 2 to build up his military (an even greater feat considering where the treaty of Versailles had left germany) where Hitler built up his army to stand up to the allies in 5 years, it would have taken Mussolini 10 times that

    just another accountjust another account25 gün önce
  • What we got from the occupation of Italy is that we eat spaghetti every day 😂 We taught it even to our Arab neighbors, thank you italians for spaghetti 😂😂🇱🇾🇮🇹

    Kamelia mamiKamelia mamiAylar önce
  • People aren't gonna like this but the new Zealand army had no respect for Italy i mean none... their true story's of 12 kiwis taking 100 Italians prisoner and killing or wounding another 200 ish

    David BoltonDavid BoltonAylar önce
  • Sponsored by War Thunder? I would have expected something like "Glorious time-travelling KV-2 tank defeats entire Italy"

    morti271morti271Aylar önce
  • The inglorious bastards reference was amazing thank you

    ChristopherChristopherAylar önce
  • With Italy as your Friend you don't need no Allies..

    A Lion amongst Sheeps and WolvesA Lion amongst Sheeps and WolvesAylar önce
  • You use ridiculous music out of context to describe General Graziani and subsequently his man. Remember you are talking about a war and the fall must be remembered with dignity.: Italian troops fought with courage despite the different forces in the field. Sure italians were wrong to attack anyone but Uk wasn’t defending his motherland but the subjugate country of Egypt.

    A AlbA Alb3 aylar önce
  • Churchill's genius, snatching defeat from the jaws of victory sending forces to Greece .

    fern Haloofern Haloo3 aylar önce
  • Las animaciones son buenisimas ,pero me gustaria si tambien fueran sub tituladas al español

    EL ÁDMINEL ÁDMIN3 aylar önce
  • Great channel this, gives good historical information

    Jay GrayJay Gray4 aylar önce
  • Fine, we lost that fucking war, say whatever you want bitch, but remember, we are gonna get our vengeance! Germany will rise again and regain his position on the top of the world!

    Lt.Col. Frank SladeLt.Col. Frank Slade4 aylar önce
    • Stop it. You want war and destruction again?

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
  • Music 2:17 ?

    Henry SmaleHenry Smale4 aylar önce
  • Armchair historian is a briton or a gringo ?

    Alessio CataldiAlessio Cataldi4 aylar önce
  • Simple Franek Dolas brought down brothel and it all fell apart afterwards

    Bartosz BaranowskiBartosz Baranowski5 aylar önce
  • Italy vs Greece spoilers: duh

    ken ove Tangenken ove Tangen5 aylar önce

    Banana ReichBanana Reich5 aylar önce
  • That's great video, very interested, thank you 🙂

    Ahmed KanuniAhmed Kanuni6 aylar önce
  • Hoje no Mundo Militar

    Davi SilvaDavi Silva6 aylar önce
  • Erwin rommel is the best german general for desert fighting and he was given a nickname called "the desert fox"

    John aloysius IgayJohn aloysius Igay6 aylar önce
    • @John Cornell Again, it's 30 days and 1086 km, can't you read? I proved Germans went faster on a bigger distance, against bigger enemies Again, I'll send my account numbers for the transfer But please keep writing, it's funny to read British "buts": "BUt RuLes sob " "but but...ok cOVeRed The laRgesT dIStaNCe in THe War"

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
    • @No Name You have still failed. El Alamein to El Agheila November 4th to 23rd 1942 is nearly 1,300 km in 20 days. No other army in WW2 managed that. It is 1,300km from Warsaw to Moscow. The Germans didn't even do that in TWO YEARS. East Prussia to Leningrad? Can you read a map and distances? That is 800km.

      John CornellJohn Cornell3 aylar önce
    • @John Cornell Lol no. It was 30 days Again, both German and Soviets moved on greater distance, sometimes faster, against greater force. As I said, from East Prussia to Leningrad in just 17 days. Again, I'll send you my account numbers for the transfer

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
    • @No Name The British were at El Agheila on November 23rd. No other army advanced nearly 1,300km in just 20 days. Monty carried out the fastest long advance in all of WW2. Nearly 1,300km in just 20 days. You don't want that £10,000 do you.

      John CornellJohn Cornell3 aylar önce
    • @John Cornell from 4 November to 11 december, when the battle of Aghelia started, it's 30 days and uk got help from America. Soviets didn't By the way Germany advanced from Poland East Prussia to Leningrad in a time that went from 22 June to 9 July. As I said, both German and Soviet advanced much further against a much stronger enemy, it goes for both sides, fighting bitterly. But please, do continue, it's funny to see British "buts"

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
  • Is anyone else annoyed that the name isn't a star wars title pun for episode 4 (A new frontier)

    Onesimus HewettOnesimus Hewett6 aylar önce
  • How did they handle so many prisoners? They only had 80,000 men and captured almost 200,000 Italians.

    Gavin The FiferGavin The Fifer6 aylar önce
  • The Butcher of the Desert, as the depraved General Rodolfo Graziani is called, earned his name for butchering the natives of North Africa. And he killed tens of thousands of Abyssinians, from babies to hermits - with liberal use of mustard gas. That is the gruesome record of Italian Fascists. Against the standard armies that he fought in battle, Graziani had no prayer. God has a sense of humor. He wrapped the most evil soul to come along in that handsome face. The irony.

    bircruz555bircruz5557 aylar önce
    • Graziani wasn't the one that used the gas, that was Badoglio

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKing7 aylar önce
  • Out trained and out gunned. Yanks and Brits wiped the floor with them

    Brian BayJ0nes GosselinBrian BayJ0nes Gosselin8 aylar önce
    • @Brian BayJ0nes Gosselin In 1940 uk was alone and losing, retreating everywhere

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
    • @No Name not in 1940

      Brian BayJ0nes GosselinBrian BayJ0nes Gosselin3 aylar önce
    • Lol no. America won because of mass production

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
    • Except, the Anglo-Americans never did so. Many times it was the contrary

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKing8 aylar önce
  • @The Armchair Historian I love your vids!! but please make your volume LOUDER.. I have to struggle to hear them.

    Dylan FryDylan Fry8 aylar önce
  • Battle of Koufra !

    J'aime mon PaysJ'aime mon Pays8 aylar önce
  • Great Leader Omar Mukhtar The Lion Of Desert

    Shumua advertisingShumua advertising9 aylar önce
    • Wrong year

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKing9 aylar önce
  • Real reason why: spaghetti doesn’t have legs

    MichaelMichael9 aylar önce
  • The truth was just, italian army lacked of supplies, starting from food to ammunituons to fuel, meanwhile the british had everything. The reason is simply that the allied navy was stronger and wiped out the entire supply line from italy to north africa,literally axis forces were fighting with nothing. Also Malta was kept in british hands as a very strategic base, that alones just meand alot how the situation in the mediterrean sea was, basically the axis should've blocked the north africa campaign immediatly after the italian navy got wiped out

    Jack MaJack Ma9 aylar önce
    • Churchill himself said the war of convoy was an Italian victory

      No NameNo Name3 aylar önce
    • Not completely true. Most of the Axis convoys from Italy to North Africa arrived without heavy losses, and the supplies were succesfully unloaded in the Libyan ports. The problem is that most of the supplies were destroyed or depleted during the long transportation through the desert, supply trucks either broke down in the middle of the desert or were blocked by sand or were destroyed by British raids (be those from planes or from the LRDG). Also the Italian navy was never "wiped out"

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKing9 aylar önce
  • You should have mentioned why there were only British ships in your animation. How many biplanes did it take to cripple the Italian navy? Like, 20?

    Goat WarriorGoat Warrior9 aylar önce
    • The Italian navy was not crippled by British biplanes. Italy suffered 3 battleships hit at Taranto 2 of which were back in operation the next year. There were several hundred warships in the Italian Navy of WWII.

  • very nice closure of the movie, suspense is high :) can't wait to see part 2

    inikomuniewolnoinikomuniewolno9 aylar önce
  • 4 things plays very very important role in any offensive... 1. Terrain 2. Supply routes 3. Air support 4. MEN!

    Paras NaradiyaParas Naradiya10 aylar önce
  • I prefer u over that "bald cocksucker" (Sandor's term, not mine) on Biographics, but I still find u odd for the fact that ur always, ALWAYS holding hands w/ urself...!!!??

    Lester CrossLester Cross11 aylar önce
  • And then Benito tries to surprise Hitler by invading Greece. Problem is Greece had other ideas. The Italians were running for the life's in Albania lol😂😂😂

    Detomaso PanteraDetomaso Pantera11 aylar önce
    • @carmine paola yep👌👌👌

      Detomaso PanteraDetomaso Pantera11 aylar önce
  • Cant wait to hear about rommel getting played by patton

    SwaggerNauts365SwaggerNauts365Yıl önce
  • Dude, that tie needs to be retired.

    Rogaine AblarRogaine AblarYıl önce
  • Really interesting, informative, well presented and explained - thank you. Two little points: Mussolini’s comment about needing ‘...a few thousand dead,’ referred to the attack on France, not anything in North Africa. Second point: it’s worth checking out the correct pronunciation of European languages where necessary; Graziani is correctly pronounced ‘Grat-see-ani’.

    Elaine BlackhurstElaine BlackhurstYıl önce
  • "Unfortunately for the Bumbling Butcher..." *Plays Funiculi Funicula* Subbed.

    viennacalling 92viennacalling 92Yıl önce
  • Operation Compass - one of the most successful WW2 campaigns. Such an amazing achievement!

    WojennikTV - Gry PlanszoweWojennikTV - Gry PlanszoweYıl önce
  • “Hey, a’boss’a, you wanna me a’go shoot da bad guys?” “Absolutamente no, Vincenzo! You keep’a stirring the sauce.” “I’m stirrin’, I’m stirrin’!” [that’s actually what happened]

    Steven GordonSteven GordonYıl önce
  • About the siege of Tobruk, there was a funny fact. The case of the italian armored cruiser "San Giorgio" (Saint George): 47 planes down and... it wasn't hit by 39 british torps. Can I say "LOL"?

    Daniele FabbroDaniele FabbroYıl önce
  • The quickest way of shutting down anti-Italian comments, most of whom are normally made by limeys. Douglas Porch, Hitlers Mediterranean Gamble. Pages: 109-117. I could refer readers to other pages and passages, but it won't change the arrogant insolent character of racist Brits. And besides, people don't read books anymore, being a Hero Gamer and You Tube 'general' is tougher. Read those passages arseholes.

    Johnny TrashJohnny TrashYıl önce
    • @Dod o I severely doubt that is possible for someone of his intelligence

      O .WO .W3 aylar önce
    • @John Cornell Silence Limey!

      Johnny TrashJohnny Trash6 aylar önce
    • Italy declared war on Britain when Britain was weak and looked like losing. Then Italy turned against Germany when things went wrong. Weasly attitude all round.

      John CornellJohn Cornell6 aylar önce
  • Every time a 'leader' says "I want to create my own empire", or "resurrect X,Y,Z empire", you just KNOW its bound to fail......... Siege of Tobruk by the British, later sieged by the Tobruk Libyan for "Siege'?

    CMDRFandragonCMDRFandragonYıl önce
  • interesting factors.

    tomas barretotomas barretoYıl önce
  • What if Spain joined the Axis powers?🤔 the war in Mediterranean would have been extremely different.

    Jay-TJay-TYıl önce
  • What is the font at 3:48 from

    MNMNYıl önce
  • bruh could u imagine that a 70 years old man with a rifle and horse kicked the Italians ass for 30 years in Libya!??!?!?! while they have waaaay more powerful and armed stuff?!?!?!?! LMFAOOOOO this is so fucking hard to believe that it actually happened yeah i'm talking about the libyan leader of the "resistance against the Italian invasion" Omar Mukhtar

    • @ⵟⴰⵏⵉⵔⵉ Your words fell short. They base themselves on nothing

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKingYıl önce
    • There are similar stories all around the world. Also the Libyans resisted all that time (20 years) because until 1922 the Italians didn't care much about the Libyan rebels. When the Italians actually intervened en-masse it took them only 9 years to completely defeat the rebels

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKingYıl önce
  • Ah yes, Italy, the "comic relief" of WWII.

    Mitchell JohnsonMitchell JohnsonYıl önce
  • Whats with the Hugo Stiglitz styled intro

  • >Liberate Italy From itself? No.. The Allies INVADED Italy.

    Arya ApollyonArya ApollyonYıl önce
  • Sitzkrieg is a savage insult

    DecoySanchezDecoySanchezYıl önce
  • Carn' the Aussies. Love live the Rats of Tobruk. Outgunned, outmanned and cut off but still held their ground and held out against against the might of the Afrika Korps and kept them at bay. That's the Aussie underdog spirit at its very finest on display right there 💚💛 🇦🇺 PS shout out to our "Colonial" brethren 🇳🇿🇮🇳. Brothers in arms and in peace. ♥️

    Damian SmithDamian SmithYıl önce
  • Funny how racist the Axis powers are considered - yeah a bunch of Italians, Germans and Japanese working racist. Plus it was literally just 3 countries vs the world - seems legit.

    Disent DesignDisent DesignYıl önce
  • In Two months Australians had advanced 500 miles, with a force never larger than 30,000 men, had taken 130,000 prisoners, 380 tanks and almost 850 pieces of field artillery, Australians took 1,900 Casualties. show some respect next time.

    KratosLiveTVKratosLiveTVYıl önce
  • Oil was not discovered in north Africa until the late fifties

    S TekbaliS TekbaliYıl önce
  • Bow and arrow can stop the tanks of italy

    Fr3ezy_Fr3ezy_Yıl önce
  • The Real name should be why Italy is a Failure ?

    A. M-JA. M-JYıl önce
    • In what twisted world it is?

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKingYıl önce
  • They focused on Pizza, not on military power

    Luisito C. SalbozaLuisito C. SalbozaYıl önce
  • WT>WoT

    Diggy DumboDiggy DumboYıl önce
  • And Rommel lost

    Francis GilbertFrancis GilbertYıl önce
  • It was Australia divisions, Indian divisions because they were all British and made up the British Empire forces

    Francis GilbertFrancis GilbertYıl önce
  • The North Africa Campaign, a small matter. Just because the US didn't care about the war at that point didn't mean that it wasn't important or a small matter. You also forgot how the British helped Ethiopia to defeat Italy

    Francis GilbertFrancis GilbertYıl önce
  • Because the fox belongs in the woods not the desert lol.

    Ray KehrRay KehrYıl önce
  • because italy specializes in food not fights..... the germans however make disgusting food and specialize in death....

    jhonezcronicjhonezcronicYıl önce
    • Italy can do both

      TheCommentaryKingTheCommentaryKingYıl önce
  • Mussolini Delusion of Grandeur of a New Roman Empire Mistake was that the Italian Army Should be Equal Comparison to Then the Roman Army most Advanced Discipline Brave Health and Well Equipped Advanced Weapons of it's Time.

    Anthony Ivan Aglugub Jr.Anthony Ivan Aglugub Jr.Yıl önce
  • 3:47 love that Tarantino reference

    119 Winters119 WintersYıl önce
  • 💫

    Papa 1P3RCYPapa 1P3RCYYıl önce
North African Campaign 1940 | Animated History