Operation Market Garden | Animated History

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Sources:
Beevor, Anthony, The Battle of Arnhem; The Deadliest Airborne Operation of WWII, New York, New York: Penguin Random House LLC, 2018
Frost, Major-General John, A Drop Too Many, London: Buchan & Enright, Publishers, 1980
Hastings, Max, Armageddon; The Battle for Germany 144-45, London: Macmillan, 2004
Kershaw, Robert J., ‘It Never Snows in September’, Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing, 2004
Thanks to the TRvisionr TIK, The REAL Operation Market Garden | BATTLESTORM Documentary, trvision.net/detail/video-vTUC79o4Kmc.html, 2015 His video helped clarify some troop movement. Be sure to check his channel out!
Music:
Long Note Two by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100176
Artist: incompetech.com/
And Awaken - Stings by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Artist: incompetech.com/
Curb your Enthusiasm Theme
Video Game Soldiers by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: www.twinmusicom.org/song/295/video-game-soldiers
Artist: www.twinmusicom.org
Faceoff by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100403
Artist: incompetech.com/
All This - Scoring Action by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Avec Soin - Romance by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100860
Artist: incompetech.com/
Long Note Three by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Cortosis - Scoring Action by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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The New Order by Aaron Kenny
Antonio Salieri, Twenty six variations on La Folia de Spagna
London Mozart Players
Matthias Bamert, as conductor

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YORUMLAR

  • Be sure to try out audible, they've got some awesome history books you can listen to. Get a free audiobook when you start the 30-day trial, there's no reason not to grab a free book! Visit www.audible.com/armchairhistorian or text armchairhistorian to 500 500! This has been the hardest video for us to make! Let us know if you want longer videos from now on (12-15 minutes). If there is any misinformation or anything that needs clarification please let me know and I will add it to a corrections list. Corrections: 1. Spelling error at 8:22, written "arugably" instead of "arguably." 2. At 7:46 we say that Jim is a Brigadier General, but he's wearing two stars on his uniform as a Major General in the portrait. 3. 12:45 Should have been 107th Panzer Brigade, not division. 4. Pronounced Staffordshire, not Stratfordshire.

    The Armchair HistorianThe Armchair HistorianYıl önce
    • @Nameless Entity Unfortunately there were a lot of ways the plan could fail and not a lot of ways for it to succeed, pretty much seize every bridge crossing. Even if XXX Corps was able to relieve the troops at Arnhem its not likely that that they could have dislodged a panzer division on the other side of the river before its reinforcement. Of course, the soil was of poor quality for tanks and 30 Corps had to progress down a narrow highway which could be bottlenecked by only a few guns which in turn slowed the British armored advance to a crawl.

      rekke41rekke41Aylar önce
    • Your Afghanistan video is not on TRvision anymore

      Kenard NunnKenard Nunn11 aylar önce
    • The Armchair Historian sksk

      Someonerandom17Someonerandom17Yıl önce
    • The Armchair Historian I've been meaning to ask, who does your artwork for your videos? That must be incredibly time-consuming, even with repeated use of the same image to depict the armies. That is a massive task, and is many steps above what most channels do for effort.

      The LegacyThe LegacyYıl önce
    • Mr Johnson Great video . The book written By Wilson "If you survive " is a good book That shows the attrition rate on the push to Germany . I have never done audible books So I might be Off topic ? The action in Print or Audible Book is not near the area in the video but does show how rapid the push was . Thank you

      Mark Cant EmailMark Cant EmailYıl önce
  • So far, I'm surprised i haven't seen any comment about TF2 here.

    PsychoFreakPsychoFreak6 gün önce
  • The Germans concluded that dispersed drops/landings over a number of days was the biggest mistake made. This decision was made by Brereton and Williams. Nothing to do with Montgomery.

    John CornellJohn Cornell8 gün önce
  • "We will be home by Christmas!" -Every naïve strategist ever

    Harrison La time travelerHarrison La time traveler8 gün önce
  • Monty liked 12 year old Swiss boys

    John BurnsJohn Burns9 gün önce
  • *What a helluva way to die, he aint gonna jump no more.*

    Hey im LithuanianHey im Lithuanian11 gün önce
  • My grandad was taken prisoner here as a glider pilot.

    Defund The LeftDefund The Left16 gün önce
  • Another contributing factor was that an Allied officer, killed in action, had carried the order of battle with him, against orders. The Germans found it when they searched his body. The British say it was an American officer. The Americans say it was a British officer. I have no idea who is right. Does it really matter?

    Rimshot 22Rimshot 2217 gün önce
  • They were hoping to end WW2 by Christmas using this Pretty sure they said the exact same thing at the start of WW1.

    gentlemen.gentlemen.17 gün önce
  • XXX Corps linked up with the 82nd in less than two days. They started off at Neerpelt, Belgium 14.35 on the afternoon of the 17th and began linking up with the US 82nd Airborne at Grave at 8.30 a.m on the 19th. That is a distance of 90 km in just 42 hours, despite German ambush, anti tank roadblock, traffic jams, thousands of Dutch civilians clogging the road AND having to build their own bridge at Son. Excellent going I'd say. Wasn't the fault of XXX Corps that the 82nd had already withdrawn from Nijmegen and hadn't captured the bridge there for them. Not was it the fault of XXX Corps that the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment failed to arrived to reinforce the 82nd due to the weather.

    John CornellJohn Cornell19 gün önce
  • Major Richard Winters, of Band of Brothers fame on Montgomery: "He was the real deal, an example" In contrast Winters referred to his own commander General Maxwell Taylor as "a phony!".

    John CornellJohn Cornell19 gün önce
  • A monty thing, never worked, folks killed, nothing gained. Watch and read all history.

    Lynn HauensteinLynn Hauenstein19 gün önce
    • @Your Average Scotsman Thanks mate. Cheers.

      John CornellJohn Cornell21 saatler önce
    • @John Cornell I think you won this one, my friend.

      Your Average ScotsmanYour Average Scotsman23 saatler önce
    • @Lynn Hauenstein And Market Garden began at Neerpelt, Belgium. It ended near to Elst, Netherlands. That is circa 100 km of ground taken. How is this fact not a fact? Do explain.

      John CornellJohn Cornell19 gün önce
    • @Lynn Hauenstein Liverpool. Not Man U. Liverpool are current English and World Club champions. Screw Man U. ""ahh yes, a Brit, reading different news, history than USA." I read actual history, not USA Hollywood history. Now go on and name me a western allied general who won more battles, advanced over more ground, through more countries and faced more quality German formations than Montgomery? Off you go. Give me the name.

      John CornellJohn Cornell19 gün önce
    • @John Cornell ahh yes, a Brit, reading different news, history than USA. Well, we can scream Statistics like we are MAN U footballers, aka soccer. We ain't speaking German., so far. So you idolize your guys, but I know truth, ,,, lol.

      Lynn HauensteinLynn Hauenstein19 gün önce
  • I think bridge to farr movie need remake 😆 good movie.

    Buton NewbieButon Newbie19 gün önce
  • Soldier from tf2

    DizzleDizzle23 gün önce
  • You need to talk to Captain Winters sir!

    Mr AndersonMr Anderson24 gün önce
  • just finished watching band of brothers. again. long live the 501st✊makes me want to be there with those boys. and they were all boys. CURRAHEE!

    Mow VuMow VuAylar önce
    • @John Burns Indeed. Episode 4 is very inaccurate and somewhat of an insult to the British 44th Royal Tank Regiment.

      John CornellJohn CornellAylar önce
    • Do not get your history from Hollywood.

      John BurnsJohn BurnsAylar önce
  • Something about Mongomery has always irked me. I can just never quite put my finger on it..........

    Bill Nye the Russian SpyBill Nye the Russian SpyAylar önce
    • @Bill Nye the Russian Spy His ego always irked me. If Patton's ego could power a city, Monty's would power the planet.

      Your Average ScotsmanYour Average Scotsman11 gün önce
    • @John Burns Oh yea, that must be it. A finer military mind the world has never produced... 'Have you ever lost a battle general?' '.... No ..... ..... '

      Bill Nye the Russian SpyBill Nye the Russian SpyAylar önce
    • Is it Montgomery being the most successful general in WW2 that irks you?

      John BurnsJohn BurnsAylar önce
  • 9:05 omg the fucking hoi4 screenshot.

    FiredrakeFiredrakeAylar önce
  • I got a ad for German beer

    Liam WaldersLiam WaldersAylar önce
  • AND WHAT ABOUT 8TH AND 12TH LEFT AND RIGHT OF 30TH CORE MUCH MISSING READ HISTORY .

    Alan MoffatAlan MoffatAylar önce
    • They were only involved up to Eindhoven, about 7 miles from the start point.

      John BurnsJohn BurnsAylar önce
  • ALLIES SET BACK NOT THE AMERICAN KEEPING THERE BACKS COVERD OR YOU NAVY SHOOTING DOWN YOUR PARAS ,.

    Alan MoffatAlan MoffatAylar önce
    • Market Garden was largely planned by Americans. Brereton, Williams, Gavin and Taylor. There were two American Airborne divisions involved and the USAAF. Overall jurisdiction was Eisenhower, another American. The Americans had much bigger failures in the Hurtgen Forest and Lorraine etc campaigns.

      John CornellJohn CornellAylar önce
    • Will you please write that in English?

      John BurnsJohn BurnsAylar önce
  • 18:52 Is that Bernard Montgomery??? LOL

    Anthony EndackAnthony EndackAylar önce
    • That stretchy nose

      Anthony EndackAnthony EndackAylar önce
  • So THIS is where the market gardener in TF2 got its name, huh?

    NedoTheWolfNedoTheWolfAylar önce
  • Market garden u mean that shovel that u get crits while rocketjumping

    Michał KoczyMichał Koczy2 aylar önce
  • It was not as easy as they thought

    Harshit SharmaHarshit Sharma2 aylar önce
  • Not Stratford shire It's staff ord shire

    sol portersol porter2 aylar önce
  • The Dutch countryside is ideal for ambushes and setting up defensive positions. And when you want to move an entire army over just one road in an offensive operation failiure is written on the wall.

    Walter TaljaardWalter Taljaard2 aylar önce
    • @John Burns Correctly. They moved nearly 90km in 2 days. If the Nijmegen bridge was captured and ready for them they would have reached Arnhem as well. The single road was difficult but not impossible. Nor was it an entire army. It was one corps moving up the road while two other corps moved up the flanks.

      John CornellJohn CornellAylar önce
    • XXX Corps had no problems moving over the Dutch countryside.

      John BurnsJohn BurnsAylar önce
  • Give me a shovel and a rocket launcher and I will wipe them

    MrMrbreadMrMrbread2 aylar önce
  • **Soldier hears Market garden** *Soundsmith intensifies* Soldier sings american anthem: I love to win! *Earrape* SO I GUESS WE WILL WIN!

    RetroSniperRUSRetroSniperRUS2 aylar önce
  • So that’s why it’s call the market garden. Nice.

    DR. KILLA KILL GamingDR. KILLA KILL Gaming2 aylar önce
  • Eisenhower "if the plan succeeds I will take the credit...if it fails I will put the blame on you" That's what you get with a politician in charge who has never seen active service.

    ptb2008ptb20082 aylar önce
  • Why didn’t you mention Canadians.

    MinshyMinshy2 aylar önce
    • No Canadian divisions in Market Garden.

      John CornellJohn CornellAylar önce
  • Market-Garden wasn't unusual insofar as in every war, the winning side often will take a chance and see how far they can go. Problem was Monty (slow poke?) was the commander, and that damn single road. Still, there were mistake after mistake, such as wrong airdrops, radios that failed, Jeep drops that failed, drops absurdly far from the targets, etc. Combine that with the bad luck of having a Panzer division refitting right there, you see why it was doomed. The only question is, did Monty know about the German disposition in time to call if off??

    thomas aquinasthomas aquinas2 aylar önce
    • @Your Average Scotsman The two flanking corps never went much further north than Eindhoven. If the US 82nd had seized Nijmegen bridge XXX Corps would have relieved the 1st Airborne at Arnhem.

      John BurnsJohn Burns11 gün önce
    • Additionally, there was more than one road. One core moved up the road, while two more advanced from the flanks. Had the Americans actually captured the Nijmegen bridge, they very well may have gotten to Arnhem to support the Brits.

      Your Average ScotsmanYour Average Scotsman11 gün önce
    • There was no armour in the Arnhem area on the jump day. That is myth.

      John BurnsJohn Burns2 aylar önce
  • "...While three hundred more Poles make it across the river in.... attack boats"?? O__-

    Red PeakRed Peak2 aylar önce
  • trvision.net/detail/video-7C_HoMVhKAI.html 🤷‍♂️🤷‍♂️🤷‍♂️

    Michael GownMichael Gown2 aylar önce
  • I think it is an interesting what if question, specifically about the bridge at Arnhem. If the Arnhem bridge was not a target and the other ones remained objectives I think Market Garden would have been labeled as a success. They did after all capture the three other bridges the Allies wanted

    James ChristoffersenJames Christoffersen2 aylar önce
    • Yes they failed to capture the bridges on time and in the case of the Son bridge it had to be rebuilt but they did in the end gain control of them.

      James ChristoffersenJames Christoffersen2 aylar önce
  • 1:18 I get that reference

    Jocelynn DotsonJocelynn Dotson2 aylar önce
  • 13:00

    jimmyjamsssjimmyjamsss2 aylar önce
  • Oh god I can hear the trooldiers

    Joseph_BunnymanJoseph_Bunnyman2 aylar önce
  • smithsound when he

    MilezMilez2 aylar önce
  • Shame that the two largest airborne operations of WW2 had to fail from bad luck and bad planning I would have loved to see more airborne operations and more creative uses of the technique

    かたわれ時かたわれ時2 aylar önce
  • MAGGOTS

    Admiral PiettAdmiral Piett2 aylar önce
  • Sound smith when he fails to garden the market

    CMPTCMPT2 aylar önce
  • "Home by Christmas" is always a red flag.

    stevericosteverico2 aylar önce
  • Paratroopers rely on surprise, speed and conducting violent combat.

    SGT MAYHEMSGT MAYHEM2 aylar önce
    • So surprise as the paras were dropped too far from their targets.

      John BurnsJohn Burns2 aylar önce
  • Montgomery was a terrible general. A lot of british officers starting in the revolutionary war were terrible. If usa gets involved in another war Brits stay, home.

    John DerflerJohn Derfler3 aylar önce
  • it's so crazy what happened here in my town, you still see the monuments of it everywhere and sometimes get a little "gift" in the form of a still active tank grenade being found in your garden.

    varjagenvarjagen3 aylar önce
  • Eisenhower: _”I not only approved Market Garden, I insisted upon it.”_ And it would have been a 100% success had the US 82nd Airborne captured the Nijmegen bridge when there were only 19 Germans guarding it. As it happens they didn’t move on it for hours, allowing time for it to be reinforced. _The biggest mistakes historians make is to glorify and narrow mindedly concern themselves with Arnhem and Oosterbeek. The Allies were stopped in the south just north of Nijmegen- that is why Arnhem turned out as it did._ -SS Major-General Heinz Harmel, 1987 _”The US history points out that there ‘was no incentive for urgency over taking the Nijmegen bridge as XXX Corps were not yet in Eindhoven’ and it might be some time before they arrived at the Nijmegen bridge. In fact, XXX Corps had already passed Eindhoven and were waiting to cross the Bailey bridge at Zon. The US Official Historian, Charles B. MacDonald, dismisses this casual approach to the question of taking the Nijmegen bridge, stating that: ‘According to this theory, General Gavin had another full day to tackle the Germans at Nijmegen.’ This theory also assumes that one day would be sufficient for a Gavin to take the bridge - from one side only - having already sacrificed the advantage of surprise and with German strength increasing”._ -Neillands Robin. The Battle for the Rhine 1944 I recommend Poulusson’s Lost at Nijmegen on this.

    John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
    • @John Cornell Do you think it’s fair to criticise Monty for not calling it off when it became apparent Eisenhower wouldn’t give it the resources he called for and he couldn’t change the air planner’s minds would over key decisions? I just read this in Nigel Hamilton’s biography of Monty: _For Monty now to cancel the British part of ‘the main effort of the Allies because of stiffening enemy resistance, even had he wished to do so, would thus have been tantamount to insubordination, leaving him open to charges of timidity at a moment when American forces were thrusting towards the German border. Moreover the Arnhem-Nijmegan axis had been Monty’s proposal, making it doubly hard to rescind._ _Eisenhower’s directive was not the only signal committing Monty to the continuation of his planned thrust via Arnhem on 9 September - for during the afternoon a ‘Secret’ cable arrived from the War Office, sent by VCIGS, General Nye, in the absence of Field-Marshal Brooke:_ _’Two rockets so called V.2 landed in England yesterday. Believed to have been fired from areas near ROTTERDAM and AMSTERDAM._ _Will you please report urgently by what approximate date you consider you can rope off the Coastal area contained by ANTWERP-UTRECHT-ROTTERDAM. When this area is in our hands the threat from this weapon will probably have disappeared.’_ _By striking north-east from Eindhoven to Arnhem, 21st Army Group would be in a position to ‘rope off’ the whole of Holland, including the 150,000 fleeing German troops _*_and_*_ the V2 bomb sites._ -Monty, The Field-Marshal 1944-1976.m..

      John PeateJohn PeateAylar önce
    • Finally someone who knows the real history and not the Hollywood version

      andy mandy m2 aylar önce
  • Market Garden was mostly planned by Americans like Brereton and Williams of the USAAF. Rick Atkinson THE WAR IN WESTERN EUROPE 1944-1945 1. AGAINST THE WEST WALL A Market and A Garden _”General Brereton’s troop carrier commanders had insisted that only a single mission fly on Sunday; a second sortie would ostensibly exhaust air and ground crews and leave insufficient time to service and reload the planes (although double missions over the same distance had been flown from Italy in Dragoon the previous month). Pleas by airborne commanders and by an emissary from Montgomery to Brereton’s headquarters failed to reverse the decision.”_ And on the failure to capture the Som bridge intact: _”Montgomery’s proposal was for the US 101st Airborne to be strung out like a kite string over a 30 mile stretch. Major General Maxwell Taylor, the commander of US 101st Airborne, protested against such an extreme dispersion of his division. Brereton took the matter up with Montgomery,who agreed to let the matter be settled by direct discussion Taylor and General Miles Dempsey, the commander of British Second Army. They may at Montgomery’s headquarters on September 12th.”_ -Market Garden Then and Now by Karel Margry Monty didn’t have any jurisdiction over the air forces. He cannot give them orders.

    John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
  • Montgomery was such a hack, everything I hear about him pisses me off 😂

    Diehard 270Diehard 2703 aylar önce
    • @Diehard 270 A pity you hadn’t heard more about Montgomery.

      John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
    • @Diehard 270 _So the majority of success in Holland should probably be credited to US generals_ Lol. During the Battle of Overloon the US 7th armoured failed to take the town. They had to be pulled out and the British had to go in and do it for them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Overloon The US 82nd couldn’t even take the Nijmegen bridge as was their job. The British had to take it for them. The 82 would have been wiped out if not for XXX Corps arriving and saving them

      John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
    • @Diehard 270 Oh, Monty was slow was he? Montgomery advanced 1,000km in 17 days in November 1942. The fastest advance for such a distance in WW2. Monty said Paris would be liberated on D-day plus 90. It was liberated on D-Day plus 80. Dempsey took Brussels, 183 miles from Caen, on D-Day plus 89. Dempsey took Antwerp, 253 miles from Caen, on D-Day plus 90. Thats faster than the Germans in 1940.

      John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
    • @Diehard 270 Montgomery wanted to use the US 1st Army as a follow up flanking advance but Eisenhower compromised and only allowed it a certain amount of resources. It still would have been a 100% success had the *US 82nd Airborne captured the Nijmegen bridge when there were only 19 Germans guarding it. As it happens they didn’t move on it for hours, allowing time for it to be reinforced.* So Market Garden: Largely planned by Americans, under resourced by an American and a *massive* mistake committed by Americans during the operation. Weird you should single out the British. _The biggest mistakes historians make is to glorify and narrow mindedly concern themselves with Arnhem and Oosterbeek. The Allies were stopped in the south just north of Nijmegen- that is why Arnhem turned out as it did._ -SS Major-General Heinz Harmel, 1987 _”The US history points out that there ‘was no incentive for urgency over taking the Nijmegen bridge as XXX Corps were not yet in Eindhoven’ and it might be some time before they arrived at the Nijmegen bridge. In fact, XXX Corps had already passed Eindhoven and were waiting to cross the Bailey bridge at Zon. The US Official Historian, Charles B. MacDonald, dismisses this casual approach to the question of taking the Nijmegen bridge, stating that: ‘According to this theory, General Gavin had another full day to tackle the Germans at Nijmegen.’ This theory also assumes that one day would be sufficient for a Gavin to take the bridge - from one side only - having already sacrificed the advantage of surprise and with German strength increasing”._ -Neillands Robin. The Battle for the Rhine 1944 I recommend Poulusson’s Lost at Nijmegen on this.

      John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
    • @Diehard 270 _Market Garden was a diaster_ In Market Garden two thirds of the drops were American and the airborne part of the operation was largely planned by Americans. Monty didn’t plan Market Garden, coming up with idea and broad outline only. And he had zero to do with the execution. The airborne part was planned by Hollinghurst of the RAF and particularly by Bereton and Williams of the USAAF. It was Bereton and Williams who: ♦ ignored nearly all the Airborne tactics and doctrine that had been established, practiced and performed in operations in Sicily, Italy and Normandy. ♦ decided that there would be drops spread over three days, losing all surprise defeating the object of para jumps. ♦ rejected the glider coup-de-main on the bridges that had been so successful on D-day on the Pegasus Bridge and which had been agreed to on the previously planned Operation Comet. ♦ chose the drop and and landing zones so far from Bridges. ♦ Who would not allow the ground attack fighters to attack the Germans while the escort fighters were protecting the transports and thereby not hindering the reinforcements. Ground attack fighters were devastating in Normandy. ♦Who rejected drops south of the Wilhelmina Canal that would prevent the capture of the bridges at Son, Best and Eindhoven by the 101st because of “possible flak”. Rick Atkinson THE WAR IN WESTERN EUROPE 1944-1945 1. AGAINST THE WEST WALL A Market and A Garden _”General Brereton’s troop carrier commanders had insisted that only a single mission fly on Sunday; a second sortie would ostensibly exhaust air and ground crews and leave insufficient time to service and reload the planes (although double missions over the same distance had been flown from Italy in Dragoon the previous month). Pleas by airborne commanders and by an emissary from Montgomery to Brereton’s headquarters failed to reverse the decision.”_ They took and kept 100km of ground up that road i.e. 90% of it. They NEARLY did it. They were not stooped where they set off, or even halfway up it. They got 90% of the way, within touching distance. Had the operation been planned a bit better by the air commanders and with more resources it would have worked. XXX Corps did little wrong and linked up with the 82nd in just 42 hours. It wasn’t their fault they didn’t get over the Nijmegen bridge until late on the 4th day, by which time the Germans had strengthened. Monty’s idea was actually a good one, as nearly all the relevant personnel involved agreed. Including the Americans. They (Eisenhower and Brereton) were the ones who had to agree with it and give it the go ahead. They very much liked the idea. Eisenhower: _”I not only approved Market Garden, I insisted upon it.”_ Few people are aware that there were supporting units on either flank who set off to the left and right of Hells Highway shortly after and in fact one of these supporting flanks advances pushed the Germans away from cutting the highway near Eindhoven on the 20th after XXX corps had gone through ahead. They even widened the axis of advance with their follow on actions. Of course it was not 100% guaranteed to succeed but it had a good chance to succeed, if only certain things were executed a bit better, such as the 82nd capturing the Nijmegen bridge early when only around 20 German troops were guarding it. Now, these kind of decisions ended up being crucial flaws and it was Brereton who enforced them, not Montgomery. The air commanders made the wrong choices and the paratroop divisions executed the battle in the wrong manner, based largely on the decisions taken by the air commanders. And on the failure to capture the Som bridge intact: _”Montgomery’s proposal was for the US 101st Airborne to be strung out like a kite string over a 30 mile stretch. Major General Maxwell Taylor, the commander of US 101st Airborne, protested against such an extreme dispersion of his division. Brereton took the matter up with Montgomery,who agreed to let the matter be settled by direct discussion Taylor and General Miles Dempsey, the commander of British Second Army. They may at Montgomery’s headquarters on September 12th.”_ -Market Garden Then and Now by Karel Margry Beyond the initial broad outline, *Monty didn’t plan the operation and nor did he have any jurisdiction over the air forces. He can consult and discuss but he cannot give them orders.* Monty’s aides tried to persuade Brereton to double missions on the 17th but Brereton refused and as I just pointed out, Monty even went back on his idea for the 101st to be strung out over a long distance when a Taylor argued against it. Monty did not wish to step on the toes of the airborne commanders. He respected their views and he let them plan it. Also neither Montgomery nor Browning could dissuade the RAF from deciding to drop 1sr Airborne so far way from the Arnhem bridge, which led to the vast majority of 1st Airborne not even reaching it. The orders of advice Marshall Hollinghurst could not be changed. Brereton, Williams and Hollinghurst are the ones who should be vilified, not Montgomery. It was their decisions that screwed the operation and prevented it from being a 100% success.

      John PeateJohn Peate3 aylar önce
  • 30 Corp, not 30th Core

    Joel HawkinsJoel Hawkins3 aylar önce
  • I myself live in the Netherlands and I can confirm that it’s 70% water. Every time you take a walk you will see some form of canal

    FlashbacksFlashbacks3 aylar önce
    • @Your Average Scotsman there is still a hell of a lot of weed

      andy mandy mAylar önce
    • From my experiences with speaking to Dutch friends, I had assumed it was mostly weed and sea that covered your country. Good to see I'm mostly correct.

      Your Average ScotsmanYour Average ScotsmanAylar önce
    • When I came there it was 100% beer

      andy mandy m2 aylar önce
  • Although the bridge survived the battle, it was bombed and destroyed by B-26 Marauders of the 344th Bomb Group on 7 October 1944 to prevent the Germans from using it to send reinforcements south of the river. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Frost_Bridge#The_Battle_of_Arnhem

    Nick DangerNick Danger3 aylar önce
  • Is this the inspiration for the market gardener trolldier

    Ayoon JumpterAyoon Jumpter3 aylar önce
  • For many years after the film came out the film , or more directly the role of Colonel John Frost was taught on the syllabus at the Officer Cadet Academy Sandhurst as an exemplary lesson on how to conduct your self as an officer when your whole battle plan is falling apart visit your men where ever possible lead , motivate, joke ,cajole but above all LEAD and keep pushing for the objective

    Michael WhittakerMichael Whittaker3 aylar önce
  • Man, that "Out of ammunition. God save the King" transmission sent me chills

    Brandon SaoBrandon Sao3 aylar önce
  • I’d watch this channel more if he didn’t show his face for the whole video. I wish oversimplified and other history channels cover this because I can’t with this video.

    FidelFidel3 aylar önce
  • Thanks for your excellent video. I had watch the "A Bridge too far" . That movie is really hard to watch because of too many storylines. Now I can understand the correct sequence of the battles in that movie

    Trung TranTrung Tran3 aylar önce
  • Why do Americans pronounce route as rout? These are two words with very different meanings and it's very confusing when they're talking about battles!

    Adiel StephensonAdiel Stephenson3 aylar önce
  • Did they run around with shovels

    space crocodilespace crocodile3 aylar önce
  • Why is video counted as music

    Ruhm VaterlandRuhm Vaterland3 aylar önce
  • Thank you for giving due credit to the Poles and for pointing out how they got used as scapegoats for the operation's failure.

    Michael KosmalaMichael Kosmala3 aylar önce
  • Monty was fucking mental. Don't slag the British Army or the US Army for how this went down...just Monty pulling the Poles under the bus because he had a spoon so far up his arse you could see your reflection in the back of his throat

    BantaburyBantabury3 aylar önce
  • You missed out V2 rockets were being fired constantly from Netherlands into England (pressuring the Allied Command to sort this out), Eisenhower allowed Montgomery to proceed with the plan (so he is overall to blame) and the lack of communication between the Allied air and land forces. But if it had been a swift victory we would not learn from the mistakes.

    Sam RSam R3 aylar önce
  • Soundsmith would've been proud.

    PartlyGenericPartlyGeneric3 aylar önce
  • 7:42 what are the black symbols that are representing German positions?

    Sean ReincastleSean Reincastle3 aylar önce
  • Monty & the gang "we flank them and end the war before the Christmas.." Bittrich & his boi "am i a joke to you?"

    Imperial GuardImperial Guard3 aylar önce
  • What went wrong? The British.

    CabooseCaboose3 aylar önce
    • @Caboose The Americans, actually.

      Your Average ScotsmanYour Average Scotsman11 gün önce
    • @John Cornell Montgomery

      CabooseCaboose3 aylar önce
  • I'm surprised that Robert Cain wasn't mentioned here. During the relentless assault on Oosterbeek, he managed to take out a few Tiger Tanks with a PIAT, and later with a grenade launcher when he ran out of ammo for the PIAT. Despite most of the injuries he sustained, Major Cain kept morale up and pushed the offensive from the Germans back giving the allies a chance to evacuate.

    Ian KerrIan Kerr3 aylar önce
  • I wana smack Montgomery

    George king of potatoesGeorge king of potatoes3 aylar önce
    • He was undermining Patton in Africa and Italy, but he was an effective commander, I wanna slap him because the failure that was market garden he was very overconfident

      George king of potatoesGeorge king of potatoes3 aylar önce
Operation Market Garden | Animated History