Why was France so Ineffective in WWII? (1940) | Animated History

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Sources:
Clark, Lloyd, Blitzkrieg: myth, reality and Hitler’s lightning war - France, 1940, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2016
Goutard, Adolphe, The Battle of France, 1940, translated by A. R. P. Burgess, New York: I. Washburn, 1959
Horne, Alistar, The French Army and politics, 1870-1970, New York: Peter Bedrick Books, 1984
La Gorce, Paul Marie de, The French Army; a military-political history, translated by Kenneth Douglas, New York: G. Braziller, 1963
Maurois, André, The battle of France, translated by F.R. Ludman, London: John Lane The Bodley Head, 1940
Miksche, F. O., Blitzkrieg, London: Faber and Faber Limited, 1941
Murland, Jerry, Battle for the Escaut 1940: the France and Flanders campaign, Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 2016
Orr, Andrew, Women and the French Army during the World Wars, 1914-1940, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2017
Rothburst, Floria K., Guderian’s XIXth Panzer Corps and the Battle of France: breakthrough in the Ardennes, May 1940, New York: Praeger, 1990
Vilfroy, Daniel, War in the west, the battle of France, May-June, 1940, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Military Service Publishing Company, 1942
Warner, Philip, The battle of France: 10 May-22 June 1940: six weeks which changed the world, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990
Wernick, Robert, Blitzkrieg, New York: Time-Life Books, 1976
Music:
All This - Scoring Action by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1300001
Artist: incompetech.com/
Breathing Planet by Doug Maxwell
Faceoff by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100403
Artist: incompetech.com/
Victoria 2 Countryside
Antonio Salieri, Twenty six variations on La Folia de Spagna
London Mozart Players
Matthias Bamert, as conductor
Victoria II. Copyright © 2018 Paradox Interactive AB. www.paradoxplaza.com

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YORUMLAR

  • Use this link to get your first 2 months of Skillshare for FREE! skl.sh/armchair2 Keep in mind that this video is just about the French military in 1940. The French did make massive contributions towards allied victory in 1944-1945 in several ways. The French resistance provided extremely valuable intel to the British and Americans on D-Day. Let us know if you want us to continue these kinds of videos! Griff

    The Armchair HistorianThe Armchair Historian2 yıl önce
    • @benjamin le port La france es drole. Vous avez un sentiment d’infériorité et sa parrrait beaucoup . La facon don vous vous comparer au usa avec des fausse narative es drole. A la surface sa parrai bien mais quand tu attack vraiment boff les usa sont de loin en avant de la france. Mais bon sa risque de changer.. Biden es entrée XD. Et mon but es pas de vous insulter, ces juste drole de voir a quel point les français ne réalise pas leur réputation. Vous etes un petit pays miniature. Et votre peuple et vos médias détestent tous ce qui es FRANÇAIS XD Votre narative de l’extrême gauche es profonde.

      Sleeman Silver CreekSleeman Silver Creek4 saatler önce
    • @Sleeman Silver Creek Quelle haine envers la France ! C'est incroyable. Je te soupçonne d'être musulman, genre algérien ou turque. Sinon, si tu es anglo-saxon, tu insulte super bien en français, ce qui serait drôle, car cela voudrait dire que tu as appris la langue d'un peuple que tu méprise...

      benjamin le portbenjamin le port23 saatler önce
    • @Particulier VDM Excellent boulot, j'ai tout lu tes commentaires et c'est ce que j'ai appris, aussi bien en cours qu'en regardant des documentaires à la télé... Le problème est très simple. Il s'agit de la perception de cette période mélangé à une détestation de nous , les français. Pour les anglo-saxons, nos aïeux n'ont été que des couards. Les Britanniques n'apprennent pas en cours que la réussite de l'opération dynamo est en partie due aux sacrifices des français qui ont retenu les Allemands pendant que les Britanniques embarquaient leur armée. Ils apprennent que c'est l'arrivée massive de tout ce qui flotte qui a pu permettre le sauvetage de leur armée. De même, lors de la bataille d'Angleterre, de nombreux pilotes de la RAF, devenus des as, étaient des Polonais. Trouver un britannique qui le sait relève de la gageur. Pour le D-Day, reconnaître le rôle de la Résistance n'est pas dans leur culture. Et c'est pareil pour tout un tas de domaines. Enfin, j'ai remarqué sur Internet à quel points les anglo-saxons nous méprisent (nous, les français). Donc, avant même d'étudier un sujet, ils partent sur des apriories très négatif. Ils ne nous aiment pas. Tu as donné une foule d'arguments, avec des sources à l'appui. C'est un travail admirable, mais hélas, vain. Ils n'en ont rien à foutre, parce que nous sommes français, voilà le problème...

      benjamin le portbenjamin le port23 saatler önce
    • @Kaiserbill99 Dakar, Bir Hakeim, Kufra, El Almein, Monte Casino, Elbe Island, Operation Dragoon, Colmar, Strasbourg, Bershstesgaden, Maquis des Glières, Maquis du Vercors, Réseau du musée de l´Homme, réseau Manoukian. Jean Moulin, Lucie et Raymond Aubrac, Henri Fertet (16 years old), Guy Môquet (17 years old) , Mont Valerien's executed,, victims of the Camp de Souge. Estienne d'Orves, Francois de la Roque..et al .Myths , you asshole ? Learn history, sore sucker ...

      Henri Eche Levy LoezaHenri Eche Levy Loeza18 gün önce
    • Is this on Spotify?

      Jesse MitchemJesse Mitchem21 gün önce
  • France don’t lose they merely failed to win

    Texas_BallTexas_Ball21 saatler önce
    • French military heritage : more than 1500 years, mostly full of victories. US military heritage : crowds shootings. Their national sport. Pathetic.

      LEBARON RAOULLEBARON RAOUL4 saatler önce
    • France is the most successful military nation in the world and won alone against entire coalitions during more than 1500 years more wars and battles than all western nations put together, this, when US race was still in the balls of their Europeans ancestors. All true historians know it : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_France en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battles_involving_France

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES4 saatler önce
    • Like in VERDUN, 1916, for instance. The greatest battle ever, won by the French : www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/battleverdun/

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES4 saatler önce
  • I’m not buying the better equipment thing for the French. You really didn’t mention anything when it came to infantry equipment anyway. The K98 was a great bolt action rifle. And the Germans had the MG34 which was the best machine gun of its type for most of the war. And their infantry were better trained. Overall just a better army. I do agree with the tank issue tho

    PocketPasserPocketPasserGün önce
  • People on the comment have zéro respect. I guess it’s just US people who have zéro éducation. I Know most of the @ trolls are mostly 15 yo kids sufering from obesity. But they are in fact the showcase of your country, the best of what US produce in 2021. You US people forget were you come from. In 1750 America was mostly french, we were the greatest force during America’s colonisation. So in fact we could say, America is an old French colony what made you ... yes french too. ... and also do i have to point the fact that US remained hidden throughout the war fearing the intervention ?

    3LOI RDSA3LOI RDSAGün önce
  • Dood pls reaply here they held off them fore so long dumb dood

    Tyron EngelbrechtTyron EngelbrechtGün önce
  • Just stick to the animations, We don't need your mug. :)

    Rosie WalkerRosie WalkerGün önce
    • Just stick to the animations, we don't need your mug. No offence young old man. :)

      Rosie WalkerRosie WalkerGün önce
  • This proves no matter how much good you have (both quantity and quality) if you are not intelligent and wise enough, you get *φυζεδ* by somebody shrewd...

    LundrvsLundrvs2 gün önce
  • Bread so French, it must be liberated!

    Patrick McCarthyPatrick McCarthy2 gün önce
  • The French aren't fighters, they're there to cater the event.

    Patrick McCarthyPatrick McCarthy2 gün önce
    • @HANS DEWRIES The USA won the Revolutionary War with help from the French navy, the last battle, the battle of Yorktown, the French blocked the English from getting supplies, so they surrendered.

      Patrick McCarthyPatrick McCarthy3 saatler önce
    • France is the most successful military nation in the world and won alone against entire coalitions more wars and battles than all western nations put together, this, when US mongrel race was still in the balls of their Europeans ancestors : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_France en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battles_involving_France

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • When I was in the Dutch army in the seventies 3 artillery batallions used French AMX pra houwitzers. My batallion fortunately had M109's. At a certain instant in 1979 the 11th artillery batallion had only 1 piece ready for action out of 18. The rest was out of order. Somehow, I preferred the M109. Viewing this video it all came back...

    joop spethjoop speth2 gün önce
  • The battle for France was lost due to poor leadership

    john trippjohn tripp2 gün önce
  • They didn't build enough anti tank

    Golden SoldierGolden Soldier3 gün önce
  • Saw this & had to check the comments.

    LokiLoki4 gün önce
  • Cause they got brutally murdered by Germany that got brutally murdered by Russia that got brutally murdered by america

    hiroyuki chibahiroyuki chiba4 gün önce
  • In short they thought its the same trench war in ww1...

    Yce Den BriginoYce Den Brigino4 gün önce
  • Could've chosen a more unique song than copying someone else lol

    mbckPLAYSmbckPLAYS4 gün önce
    • @The Armchair Historian oh sorry I didn't realise I can't comment on your old videos.

      mbckPLAYSmbckPLAYS4 gün önce
    • Who did I copy? Anyways I ended up getting a custom theme made for my videos, but you're watching my content from when I was like 17.

      The Armchair HistorianThe Armchair Historian4 gün önce
  • Italy and France: • Both ineffective in their respective alliances. • Made the 2 worst machine guns ever, Chauchat and Breda. • Have similar flags. • Military personell was great, but their leaders - in the words of Linnie McCallister - are what the French call: _Les Incompetents._ • Ridiculed in memes. • Baguette and Pizza... yeh.

    flashkid wackyflashkid wacky5 gün önce
  • Q

    BlakxicanoBlakxicano5 gün önce
  • The Somua 1935 broke down the middle (front to back) when hit by a bomb (250 lb) from whatever bomber the Germans used.

    Michael McKinnonMichael McKinnon6 gün önce
  • I think we french, should remember what happens, when do-gooders’ opinion rules before it is too late and history repeats.

    Simp NationSimp Nation6 gün önce
  • I'll save you 7 mins...... Because they are French. There we go. 7 minutes saved. Your welcome

    My Good LordMy Good Lord8 gün önce
    • @Ryûk I think I missed something. You havnt mentioned the cold war or any other country at all until the last comment except France. The last I read was that you agreed it was the same as America, but didn't say anything else. I'm also not being arsy with you, so do try being polite in conversation. I know what they did during the cold war, that is what I was talking about when I said about them threatening to drop nukes. The amount of countries they unstabilized and governments they overthrew just because they didn't like it, or went against what they thought was right is disgusting. They talk about independence from Empire, yet that's how they are acting. They may not be going in and controlling the countries like the empires of old, but they are going in to ensure they get the resources, one way or the other.

      My Good LordMy Good Lord3 gün önce
    • @My Good Lord Well, if you don’t know what America did during Cold War you should go back to school.Another recent example would be during Obama’s presidency with all the wars he did.

      RyûkRyûk3 gün önce
    • @Ryûk same as America?

      My Good LordMy Good Lord3 gün önce
    • @My Good Lord I agree but it’s the same as America so we can’t blame them for that

      RyûkRyûk3 gün önce
    • @Ryûk wouldn't be a bad thing. Considering the state the world is in because of them. How many times have they threatened to drop nukes? How many times have they tried policing other countries that then led to more human death?

      My Good LordMy Good Lord3 gün önce
  • French WW2 rifle for sale. Never shot. Dropped once.

    Ian HillmanIan Hillman8 gün önce
    • France is the most successful military nation in the world and won alone against entire coalitions more wars and battles than all western nations put together, this, when US mongrel race was still in the balls of their Europeans ancestors : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_France en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battles_involving_France

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • France nowadays is the 7th strongest in the world, ahead of Germany

    JosiahJosiah9 gün önce
    • @Josiah France is the 3rd nuclear power in the world, with about 300/500 warheads. And French troops are deployed on many overseas theaters, like in Africa. French maritime space is as big as the US one. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Armed_Forces en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Force_de_dissuasion

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES4 saatler önce
    • @HANS DEWRIES India and China are the 3rd and 4th military power, Japan and South Korea are 5th and 6th, the France and UK at the 7th and 8th spot

      JosiahJosiah4 saatler önce
    • Yhe 7th economic power, but the 3rd or 4th military power.

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • "Fear not the competense of your enemies but in the incompetense of your forces" -Napoleon Probably

    Aaron LleveAaron Lleve9 gün önce
  • The French weren't weak and they didn't just surrender the French were prepared to fight a war like World War I and didn't bother thinking about the fact that Germany may have a better plan this time and it wouldn't be a defensive War that's why they ended up losing because they didn't take it too seriously

    StratejicStratejic9 gün önce
  • Cowards ?

    IRON60 BITCHIRON60 BITCH10 gün önce
  • Within 100 years France lost to Mexico, Vietnam and got invaded by Germany. They're not that strong like they look like

    Uriel SanchezUriel Sanchez10 gün önce
    • France is the most successful military nation in the world and won alone against entire coalitions more wars and battles than all western nations put together, this, when US mongrel race was still in the balls of their Europeans ancestors : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_France en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battles_involving_France

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
    • Like in VERDUN, 1916, for instance. The greatest battle ever, won by the French : www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/battleverdun/

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • italy was still worse

    Agerenesh AyalewAgerenesh Ayalew11 gün önce
  • Hear Stuka Planes FRENCH : Mix emotions

    imelda ayoimelda ayo11 gün önce
  • “Chasm”... with a ‘ch’ 😂

    Oli SnowdonOli Snowdon11 gün önce
  • What damaged France back then: left wing weakness/misinformation and reliance on a coalition Of European power. What damage France today: left wing weakness/misinformation and reliance on a coalition of eauropean power. War... war never changes....

    Blue LickBlue Lick11 gün önce
  • 1. Social Democrats and Pacifists in Government 2. Lack of workers in the economy 3. The player did not pump doctrines

    Внук ЕльцинаВнук Ельцина12 gün önce
  • In the beginning you said "few people ask way France was so vulnerable to a surprise attack" maybe because it should never have been a surprise! It should have been extremely obvious given the preceding events

    STARSHIP_TO_MARSSTARSHIP_TO_MARS12 gün önce
  • When Poland falls in one month but are remembered as fighting bravely. But when you surrender after nine months you get remembered as cowardly *Sad French noises*

    Matthew DreaverMatthew Dreaver12 gün önce
  • Do one on France in ww1. That was a different story completely

    Joe NolanJoe Nolan13 gün önce
    • Yeah ! Wish I could have been part of it.

      J. GoebbelsJ. Goebbels6 gün önce
  • I would say the maginot line worked exceptionally well. The Germans realized it would be too costly to attack, so they had to go around it. This forced the Germans to attack over a much smaller front, and that can make it easaier to defend because you have some idea of where the attack will be.

    ShawnShawn13 gün önce
  • Bro shut up. The French resistance played a major role in D-day and all the after math.

    Ashoka & VaughnAshoka & Vaughn13 gün önce
    • Until today, many people don't know that apart resistance, a French regular army never stopped to fight Nazis, from 1941 until 1945, on all fronts, from north Africa until Germany. The Free French Forces, who were 1,3 million involved in Europe in 1945. The 4th Allied forces in numbers. And who played a major role in many battles and operations, like during the Bir Hakeim battle, Lybia, 1942, where they saved the 8th British army against Rommel, or during the Dragoon/Anvil operation, invasion of southern France in Augus 1944. A huge operation, almost forgotten today : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bir_Hakeim en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dragoon en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_France_during_World_War_II#

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • so called 'armchair historian' sitting on a chair with no arms.

    The Wayfaring AnarchistsThe Wayfaring Anarchists14 gün önce
  • Why was France so ineffective during WW2? Because repairs are really expensive and you lose Silver Lions so much, that's why France is bankrupt. France also had 1500 ping during battle so they lagged so much

    IguanaYTIguanaYT15 gün önce
  • Roasting a country in the nicest calmest way ever

    RelemRelem15 gün önce
    • it's a fact

      Believe or LeaveBelieve or Leave5 gün önce
  • After WW1 and the mass slaughter of young European men, I'm surprised there was anyone left to fight.

    Cockney NutjobCockney Nutjob16 gün önce
  • This is not why France lost, even if the high command was bad as well as the tactics, it had the capacity to hold out, France had a strategy, it knew there was going to be a war. The major problem was Belgium, which allied with France in the early 1930s, but withdrew from the alliance just before the war, declaring "neutrality". The French therefore did not have time to extend the Maginot Line, and were only able to enter Belgium when German troops entered, which greatly reduced the preparation time for the defense. In addition, France had a primarily economic strategy to bring down Germany. It was enough just to isolate it from the rest of the world and it would have collapsed on itself, except that the Soviets turned their jackets and made trade deals, especially for food and oil, which had the effect of breathe new life into the German army for the battle of France. Then the Nazis seized the oil wells of Romania, and the iron mines of Norway and became * almost * unbeatable by conventional powers. So either, if the Belgians had decided earlier to be neutral, the Maginot Line would have passed to Sedan (it already was, but too weak) or if they had remained allies, France could have organized better defenses. in Belgium, and in particular in the Ardennes, where the tanks passed. (we don't blame the Belgians though :-)). Then, if the Soviets had stayed away from the German problems, Germany would have ended up running out of almost everything.

    paumpaum16 gün önce
  • This video has a number of lessons for us in the 21st century. 1) the diminution of the French economy and the resurgence of the German. Today it is China's objective to overtake us and it looks like they are succeeding, beginning with the Obama administration and continued in this COVID era and on into the Biden years. The Chinese did not shut their economy down as we did. 2) the usurpation of the French military by civilians. Today we are more focused on social engineering within the military than making it a powerful and lethal force. 3) The over-reliance on the League of Nations. Substitute UN for League of Nations and consider how the US is sacrificing its sovereignty to an organization whose members are bound to loot, diminish and destroy us.

    Jim CroninJim Cronin18 gün önce
  • Ethiopia paid paid a big price for defeating an Europian nation and challenges at League of nations.The italians took Eritrea ,french took djibuty and Brethren made sure that ethiopia had no access to the sea .Well done .Euros now it is pay time .

    Wonishet AndargeWonishet Andarge18 gün önce
  • the only thing that preoccupies me in the dream of a world without new wars is the fact that anglosaxons will keep sitting in the position of the war teachers that militarily judge the rest of the world forever just because they won the last war...

    Vittorio RomaniVittorio Romani19 gün önce
  • The reality is that the French haven't amounted to much militarily since Napolean killed off most of the best and brightest of an entire generation. They've probably been lingering in the shallow end of the genepool, at least with regards to ability to effectively wage war ever since.

    DesdichadoDesdichado19 gün önce
  • Why ? The US isn't next to Germany. If it was, in 1940 Germany would have ripped right through it

    Doug SteelDoug Steel20 gün önce
  • They are coward's that's why.

    greg mattgreg matt20 gün önce
  • I love the Victoria 2 music in the background!

    Matthew SetlakMatthew Setlak21 gün önce
  • I really, REALLY liked this video. It was extremely on point, wihout unecessary delays, but also didn't lose important details. Subscribing now.

    Gustavo CamposGustavo Campos22 gün önce
  • today is documentary day I see serious videos today I'm greek I can say they weren't ineffective french people have priority the good life if France had the fewer casualties in war .is this failure ??? if your priority is peace and good living and not fanaticism of course you are not good at war it is like you wish for a war wihtout knowing the consequences of a war good life and wine is better than fanaticism and war unless you see war as game but even so again France did well france had fewer casuslites that is what matter most unless you want to live in a real warzone like today's Syria I think war as a board game or strategy videogame is very entertaining but not in reality people cannot endure traffic jam for 30 minutes how they will endure war ? war is better to stay in realm of strategy game only

    ΗΛΙΑΣ ΛΕΓΚΡΙΑΝΟΣΗΛΙΑΣ ΛΕΓΚΡΙΑΝΟΣ22 gün önce
  • Can you imagine if the enemy always engaged how you wanted them to

    sam petteysam pettey22 gün önce
  • Isn’t it astonishing that Germany always seems to get better& faster out of crisis than others?🤔

    HolyfoxHolyfox23 gün önce
    • Well the us did help a bit with the marshall plan Deutschland ist toll

      Fluffy Da CorgiFluffy Da Corgi16 gün önce
  • France: Were more than well equipped and supplied. Modern weaponary. Had troops and tanks readily available. Formidable fighter aircraft. And still got whooped on their own turf even 😐 that's embarrassing

    TheMainMaynTheMainMayn23 gün önce
  • Next you should do “Why did the US suck in Vietnam?”..........

    Michael VanchuMichael Vanchu23 gün önce
    • ^^

      samy Nacheuriesamy Nacheurie23 gün önce
  • Not mentionning that the french fought alone an army that litteraly took half of the rest of the world to defeat is just missing the elephant in the room.

    wazdakkawazdakka24 gün önce
  • Would have been nice if most of the French troops rescued at Dunkirk stayed in Britain and helped fight instead of going back to France and doing nothing. The French fleet would have also been quite useful but the vast majority just sat around and did nothing. Hats off the few French that did actually carry on the fight with the allies.

    lutenantsweedpertasalutenantsweedpertasa24 gün önce
  • DEUTSCHE Qualität

    Otto Kurt ReichleitnerOtto Kurt Reichleitner24 gün önce
  • Before watching this video here’s my answer to this question, the French had a very large defensive line on the German Belgian border. When Germany invaded Belgium they had left the Ardennes which they thought was “naturally impenetrable” however German Wehrmacht Divisions were able to go through and surround them to knock out there Best Armies

    YourAverageChip _YourAverageChip _24 gün önce
  • The French army also lost the war against Vietnam. LoL

    vmoritavmorita24 gün önce
    • Try to inform you better. Most battles were won by the French during their 9 years Vietnam war, 1945/1954. Except the last one, Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Because everything was already fixed between Vietnamese and French authorities, for the French withdrawal. French troops who fought 9 years in the Vietnam jungle, amongst them many former German Wehrmacht or SS veteran enlisted in the Foreign legion could have teach war lessons to US marijuana riffle smokers, 15 years later. Lol.

      HANS DEWRIESHANS DEWRIES5 saatler önce
  • The french lost WWII because they didn't have their blue suits.

    AnnieAnnie25 gün önce
  • Why do the french show their belly??

    Josh UddinJosh Uddin26 gün önce
  • If Napoleon had been in charge of the French Army in 1940, he'd have chased the Germans all the way to Warsaw....

    James GibbsJames Gibbs26 gün önce
  • Obviously this is a short video and it cannot cover what has been written in literally thousands of books and such, debated, and argued. One claim is that the German army had superior weapons and so forth, and that is something that has been overstated. Even with the German buildup in the 30's under Hitler, by the time they invaded France in April 1940, they were nowhere the mechanized marvel people think of.Put it this way, when Germany invaded Poland in Sept, 1939 their military wasn't thrilled, they were still not at the levels of trained troops and equipment the military thought they needed. For all the armor and air warfare of the Blitzkriek, they were still moving stuff by horse drawn wagon and many of their units were not fully equipped. The Poles fought hard and brilliantly but they simply were overwhelmed, and they also had relied on the assurances of the British and French that they would have help, which never really came. By April 1940, after the so called "phony war", Germany was in a better position, but still in some ways was inferior to the French. Among other things, the French had interior supply lines, they had better armor and aircraft (and remember that the British had hurricane and spitfires in France as well, and they were superior to the planes Germany had there) and they had a million man standing Army, which the Germans didn't numerically match up with them (among other things, by then German forces were occupying Poland and attacking other countries, like Norway and the Low countries). Yes, there were economic issues involved with the fall of France, and yes there was some trust in the League of Nations protecting them, but I also would say that the civilian control of the Military amd especially that it was left leaning forces that played a big role is a bit of an overstatement and also is based a little on the narrative of the left is anti military/the right is pro military kind of thing, it played a role, but isn't a big explanation. Okay, so then what was the cause? This is where it gets interesting. Part of the problem no doubt is the French military as run by conservatives, people like Wegend were part of the French military establishment from pre WWI , whose careers started around the turn of the 20th century. If you study WWI, you learn that the French military knew what the German battle plan was from about 1900 (the Schlieffen plan), that Germany planned on going through Belgium. The French military that Wegend was part of countered that with a plan of their own, Joffré and others said the answer was to drive up the gut into Germany, fighting with élan, and invade Germany (needless to say, it was a stupid strategy, along with wearing red uniforms and going against machine guns with saber charges). The French military was know for its conservativeness and clinging to tradition, it was not new. In 1870 the Prussians took the french military apart because in large part they had steel artillery pieces built by Krup that decimated the French. The French were using Bronze weapons that are inferior in range, durability, you name it....yet for decades after 1870 the French military resisted using steel artilery. The Maginot line in concept was not different than the 1914 strategy, basically the Military didn't learn, because they left their flanks open , believing the Germans wouldn't do the same thing again. By the way , with the Ardennes, it wasn't just the French who were blind, the US military, as told in the book "Ardennes: 1944", didn't think the Germans could mount an offensive through there, they got caught with their drawers down, Bradley was totally at a loss when it hit. You would figure they would have learned the lessons of 1914, as they did with the saber charge and Le Pantelon Rouge, but they didn't. Some of the French problems were also related to a common thing in Europe, where many of the leaders saw the problem in Europe as Stalin and the USSR, not Hitler. The appeasement of Chamberlain (he of the Umbrella) was not based in fear, it was a policy where they saw Hitler and Germany as a Christian bulwark against the evil that was the USSR. It drove Churchill to distraction, as it did Roosevelt, both knew Stalin was a threat but they also saw what Hitler was. The French leadership bought into Hitler's claims that he had no designs on most of Europe, that he was looking to secure Germany and bring back German areas in Poland and Czechoslovakia back into greater Germany. Despite popular history, the Soviet-German non agression pact was not Stalin biding his time to build up the USSR for the inevitable invasion; Stalin refused to believe that Germany was going to invade until Barbarossa hit in the summer of 1941, he thought he really had made a great deal. Fundamentally, though, a lot of this was relatively simple, the French simply didn't have the stomach to fight. It is very easy to call it cowardice, but that isn't fair, and not from people who don't know what France went through. As with most things involving WWII and even most of the 20th century, a lot of the roots go back to WWI . France lost a whole generation there, the US talks about the people we lost in WWI (about 116k, majority to disease), or WWII (250k), but france lost 3 times those two combined, roughly 1.3 milion, in WWI, on a population a relatively small fraction of the US. They just didn't want to lose another generation, one of the reasons the military had trouble with its officer corps was a lot of those who would have filled it died in WWI. If you look at the arc of Hitler's rise to power, you see this, 1940 was not isolated. In 1936 when Hitler took back the Rhineland, if france had sent a couple of companies of men, the German military had orders to turn back, and given their mistrust of Hitler the military very well may have overthrown Hitler had this happened. In 1938, when the mess with Czechoslovakia happened, had France (and yes, the UK) mobilized, made moves to show they were mobilizing, the military again would have backed down. Even in 1939 when they hit Poland, had Britain and France really mobilized, had they threatened Germany from the French borders, had they sent significant troops to Poland, it is not a stretch that the German military may have balked, in Sept 1939 they still didn't think they were ready, they didn't have the full officer corps or filled divisions with trained men. With each step, the Military became bolder, and the lack of action by Britain and France especially, given the size of its military, kind of cast the dice for the future. When Germany invaded, the will wasn't there, the military was sluggish in response, they had trouble mobilizing, and the younger officers willing to fight, like DeGaulle, were treated as the enemy by the military establishment and a large part of that was simply not wanting to see another million dead I think. Other factors mentioned in this video of course are not false, the depression, the civilian control of the military (which I might add, their control of the military was another facet of the loss of WWI, and blaming, not incorrectly, the stupidity of much of the French military leaders), you add all that up and you can't really say cowardice or ineffective military, more like a punch drunk fighter in the ring and throwing in the towel because they just don't want to get beat again. While the French resistance in some ways is a myth (the idea that every frenchman and woman belonged to the resistance, promoted by De Gaulle after WWII, it as relatively small), the people who were in it did a lot of effective work against the Germans, many of them lost their lives, and often horribly (this being the Germans after all). French free fighters under De Gaulle and Le Clerc fought in North Africa and then in Europe after D Day, and well (on the other hand the VIchy french , well, that is another story. There is a reason why the British sunk the French fleet, they had very good reason to believe the Vichy french would turn it over to the Germans, and given that the French fleet was modern, would have been a big threat to British sea superiority, the French admiral in charge of the vichy fleet was a turd, the free french were right to blow his brains out when they had the chance). To claim cowardice is not fair, some of it was that France had taken such a beating in WWI, some of it was that the French military leadership had never been known for being progressive or smart, they betrayed their own troops.

    njlaurennjlauren26 gün önce
  • Napoleon is rolling in his grave

    Buto MoButo Mo26 gün önce
  • You talked about maginot line,, if you looked in to it more,, the germans want around it and hit it from both sides,, germans tanks where better,planes where better, one more thing ,the English put 300,000 men into France to,,

    der hoggyder hoggy26 gün önce
  • can french still fight german today?

    xhxh27 gün önce
    • French and German fighting today ? Haha ! No it woudn't even come to our mind !

      J. GoebbelsJ. Goebbels6 gün önce
  • France was only ineffective in 1940. They did very well during the rest of the war.

    Clayton AdamsClayton Adams27 gün önce
  • Its all about technology! Nobody could compete with Germany at that specific time.

    Derek PierkowskiDerek Pierkowski27 gün önce
  • France hasn't had an effective army since Napoleon! And even then, they eventually lost! SMFH!!! 🇫🇷😞

    John RodriguezJohn Rodriguez27 gün önce
    • @e x 😂 the Russians, the Chinese, the Americans: Yes, yes u are!

      John RodriguezJohn Rodriguez21 gün önce
    • The french military now : I am a joke to you

      e xe x21 gün önce
Why was France so Ineffective in WWII? (1940) | Animated History